Wood Flooring Species and Grades

The first stage of deciding on wood flooring is choosing solid or engineered wood. After deciding between the two types, comes the stage of deciding on the wood species. The most obvious choices are either Oak or Walnut. Both are extremely strong, available in stock at all times of the year and offer fantastic value for money. Furthermore, responsible sellers will source these species from sustainable forests so your decision to fit wood flooring does not have to endanger any habitats. If you choose to fit more exotic wood species, you are recommended to check the origin of the wood to ensure it was sources ethically.

So, which wood species is most suitable for your home?

The decision is normally down to décor as both vary slightly in their grain display. Furthermore because the differences are only cosmetic and durability of both I equal, homeowners will often choose on to the other based on a suitable deal at the time from their local wood flooring company.

Wood Flooring Grades:

Finally, wood floors either from solid or engineered woods are distinguished in price by the grade of the wood (as we said, typically Oak or Walnut).  In general, when harvesting the wood, the closer the wood is to the center of the tree, the higher the grade is. The higher the grade is, the more refine the wood will turn out. Of course, for higher perfection you would be expected to pay more. There are four common grades of wood flooring:

Prime Grade – Prime grade wood flooring are cut from the middle of the tree which means that the floorboard will have the least amount of colour variations between the boards and knots are very few between. They are the most expensive.

Select Grade – Select grade wood flooring are cut from the second ring from within the core of the tree which means that the floorboards will show some colour variations between the boards and some knots can be expected.

Natural Grade – Natural grade will feature sapwood and black knots of up to 30cm in size. Compared to the previous two grades, price difference between the three will become more substantial.

Rustic Grade – Also referred to as ‘country grade’, rustic is by far the grade with the most texture, as you cannot mistaken the floor for wood.  Floorboards will feature sapwood and black knots of 35cm. There might be unlimited colour variation between the floorboards. Rustic is the most affordable option.

So, which wood species is most suitable for your home?

The decision to prefer one grade to the other is down to your taste in décor and budget constrains. The grade of the wood will not change the durability of the floor it is merely a visual aspect.